Central Ground Water Board (CGWB) has informed the Deputy Commissioners of numerous districts in Punjab about the reducing groundwater levels in the state. The board informed that despite there being a ban on installing tube well, there have been reports of people installing illegal tube wells.
The ban was imposed in the year 2003 in Ludhiana city, Moga I, Moga II, Maler Kotla- II, Mehar Kalan, and Sangrur. Moreover, in the year 2011, the ban was imposed on more areas which included Nakodar, Shahkot, Lohian, Patran of Patiala district; Phagwara of Kapurthala district; Nihalwinghwala of Moga district; Dhuri, Sunam, Barnala, Sherpur, and Malerkotla of Sangrur district; and Khanna.
According to reports, the groundwater levels have been alarming. In around 82% of the area in Punjab, the level has been diminishing at a very fast pace. The condition is worse particularly, in the areas around Ludhiana, Fatehgarh Sahib, Moga, Barnala, Sangrur, Patiala, Mansa, Amritsar, Tarn Taran, Kapurthala, and Jalandhar districts. Groundwater level is declining from 2 to 4 meters each year.