What happened to General Dyer after the Jallianwala Bagh Massacre?


The story of the horrendous act of mass killing at the Jallianwala Bagh of Amritsar is not so uncommon rather it is written in the history with the blood of many. Everybody is well aware of the infamous General Dyer who mercilessly killed more than 1500 Indians in the massacre including children and women, but do you know what happened to him afterwards? And who was the mastermind behind that horrifying act of 1919?

Jallianwala Bagh Massacre is the outcome of an immoral strategy of two British leaders- then Lieutenant Governor of Punjab Michael Francis O’ Dwyer and Colonel Reginald Dyer (who was called from Britain to control the situation of India). On one side, Colonel-General Dyer killed a huge number of Indians on the day of Baisakhi at Jallianwala Bagh, and on the other side, Michael Francis Dwyer encouraged the man by saying “the act was a correct action by the general.” Shocking isn’t it? Let’s find out how their Karma hit them?

Devastated by the act, Indians were boiling with fire in their heart and anger in their eyes which gave rise to various freedom movements and activities for independence. As you know, many leaders and famous personalities including Rabindranath Tagore renounced their British Titles and joined Mahatma Gandhi in his non-violence freedom movement, but, the youth only waited for an opportunity to take revenge.

According to the information after the act, many Britishers in India condemned the act and General Dyer was sent back to Britain along with Dwyer which led to an end of their era. However, the story does not end here!

Udham Singh- A man who waited for 21 years only to take revenge of the massacre!

A young boy who lost his entire family in the massacre was blazing from head to toe had only one aim in life – “Kill Dwyer and Dyer”

After losing his parents in the massacre, Sher Singh (Udham Singh) along with his brother Mukta Singh was taken by an orphanage where he completed his matriculation. Waited for 21 long years, Udham Singh finally got a chance to take his revenge for his beloved brothers and sisters who died in 1919. On 13th March 1940, Michael O’ Dwyer was scheduled to speak at a joint meeting of the East India Association and the Central Asian Society at Caxton Hall, London. Reaping the benefit of the situation, Udham Singh concealed himself as an Englishman and entered the hall where he pitilessly shot Dwyer in the heart and right lung killing him immediately. After the assassination of former lieutenant on the spot, Singh tried to escape the hall but he was caught, arrested and then given death penalty which led to his execution on 1st April 1940. His last words before execution were:

“I did it because I had a grudge against him. He deserved it. He was the real culprit. He wanted to crush the spirit of my people, so I have crushed him. For full 21 years, I have been trying to seek vengeance. I am happy that I have done the job. I am not scared of death. I am dying for my country. I have seen my people starving in India under British rule. I have protested against this, it was my duty. What greater honour could be bestowed on me than death for the sake of my motherland?”

Talking about former colonel-general Reginald Dyer, his karma didn’t leave him unattended. After the monstrous act of killing 1500+ innocent Indians, Dyer had to return to Britain and the government made him renounce his titles. Guilty or not, he spent his last years in isolation suffering from paralysis, speechlessness, cerebral haemorrhage and arteriosclerosis. Finally, in 1927, General Dyer took his last breath on his bed and then died of multiple strokes saying:

“So many people who knew the condition of Amritsar say I did right…but so many others say I did wrong. I only want to die and know from my Maker whether I did right or wrong.”
So, this is how the revenge for Jallianwala Bagh Massacre was taken- by Shaheed Udham Singh and by destiny.