Who is the Member of Parliament? What are the roles and responsibilities of an MP in India?


Lok Sabha elections are running in full swing, citizens of India are enthusiastically voting for their member of parliament who will, in turn, select the prime minister of the country. Undoubtedly, people are voting in huge numbers and you will also on May 19th in Punjab, but are you aware of the terminology? Who exactly is the MP? What are his powers and duties? Let’s find out:

Who is the Member of Parliament of India?

A Member of Parliament (MP) is the representative of the public in the parliament of India. The Parliament of India consists of two houses – Lok Sabha and Rajya Sabha where MPs play a vital role. In Lok Sabha, the Member of Parliament is elected by the voters directly on the basis of adult suffrage whereas the MP of Rajya Sabha is elected indirectly by the members of the legislative assembly of India.

What is the eligibility criterion for an MP?

To qualify as the members of parliament, a person should be:

  • A citizen of India
  • Have attained the age of 25 years.
  • A voter from any parliamentary constituency.
  • Independent candidate needs 10 proposers.
  • Candidate of a well-known party requires one proposer, for the purpose of nomination.
  • Make a security deposit of Rs. 10000

What are the powers and duties of an MP in India?

Broad responsibilities of the Members of Parliament of Lok Sabha are:

  • To pass Laws of India in the Lok Sabha.
  • To ensure that the executive (i.e. government) performs its duties satisfactorily.
  • To represent the views and aspirations of the people of their constituency in the Parliament of India (Lok Sabha).
  • To approve and oversee the revenues and expenditures proposed by the government.
  • The Union Council of Ministers, who are also Members of Parliament, have an additional responsibility of the executive as compared to those who are not in the Council of Ministers.

What is the strength of MPs in India?

Under Article 81 of the constitution of India, the maximum limit specified for the members of parliament in the Lok Sabha is 552. In the previous Lok Sabha election in 2014, the strength of MPs was 543 distributed amongst states and union territories.

Rules and regulations for MPs stated in the Constitution of India:

  • Not more than 530 members to be chosen by direct election from territorial constituencies in the Indian states.
  • Not more than 20 members to represent the union territories, chosen in such manner as Parliament of India may by law provide.
  • Not more than 2 members from the Anglo-Indian community to be nominated by the President of India (if in his opinion, the community is not adequately represented in the Lok Sabha).
  • Total permitted maximum strength of 552 members.

Who are the candidates of 17th Lok Sabha Elections in Ludhiana?

19th May 2019 is going to be a turning point for Ludhiana. Akali-BJP, Indian National Congress, Lok Insaf Party, Aam Aadmi Party and other parties are campaigning for their respective MPs for the upcoming elections. In Ludhiana, S. Maheshinder Singh Grewal will be contesting from Akali-BJPs side, Mr Ravneet Singh Bittu from Indian National Congress, Mr Tejpal Singh from AAP and last but not the least S. Simarjeet Singh Bains will fight from Lok Insaf Party. For your information, those who will win the seat will be ruling as MPs of the district for the next five years after taking an oath.

So, the contenders are finalised, seats are decided, terminology doubts are cleared and voting is just a month away. Be aware, be active and pick the best minister who will represent your city.